If you absolutely hate math and you’re looking for a degree that has close to zero calculations, a Law Degree could be a great choice for you!
But are you ready for the academic challenges that a Law Degree requires?
This guide will explore why you might want to consider studying a Law Degree in Malaysia, what you can learn from studying law, as well as your career options as a Law Degree holder.
#1. The Basics of Law
a) What Is Law?
Law is a system of rules that state what we can and cannot do.
These rules are put together to ensure that everyone’s rights are protected so that we can live freely and peacefully, preventing social chaos.
If you don’t already know, law affects every aspect of our lives.
Whether it’s paying for meals, stopping at traffic lights or refraining from physically injuring someone else, the law is required to protect people from being harmed by others. Breaking the law may result in having to face certain consequences depending on how serious the offence is. It could be anywhere from paying a small fine all the way to some serious jail time.
Lawyers form the backbone of the legal system. As solicitors, lawyers provide legal advice to clients as well as producing the relevant documentation such as contracts and legal letters. As advocates, their job is to represent clients in the court for criminal trials (crime-related) and civil trials (disputes between private parties).
b) What Are the Various Fields of Law?
Law is generally divided into two main areas – criminal law and civil law.
Criminal law is something that we are most familiar with. It deals with actions that are considered harmful to society, such as murder, drug trafficking, burglary, etc. If found guilty, the guilty party could be either be imprisoned, fined or in some cases, given the death penalty.
Civil law, on the other hand, deals with lawsuits between individuals and organisations. If the defendant (the party being sued) is found liable, the defendant will need to provide financial compensation to the claimant (the person who is suing the defendant), but will never get jail time.
There are many areas of civil law, including:
- Contract Law: Regulates agreements entered by two or more parties (loan agreements, T&Cs, or even simple receipts!)
- Land Law: Rules that govern land and anything attached to it (property, trees, oil)
- Constitutional Law: Rules that govern how the country is run and where the power lies
- Tort Law: Allows individuals to claim losses suffered due to another person’s action (slander, negligence causing injury, nuisance, trespass)
As you can see, there are many areas of law that you can specialise in. While you are probably most exposed to criminal law that involves putting criminals behind bars (we blame it on the television!), that’s definitely not the whole picture.
You can always specialise in other branches of law outside criminal law, and work on things like drafting legal documents related to property transactions or advising clients on legal issues.
#2. Studying a Law Degree
a) Entry Requirements & Qualifications
In order to take up law, you will be required to meet the entry requirements set by the colleges or universities.
These are the general entry requirements for a Diploma in Law:
- SPM / O-Level: 3Cs including English
(i) Degree in Law
Here are the general entry requirements for a Degree in Law:
- A-Level: Minumum of 2Es
- Australian Matriculation (includes South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE) International, Western Australian Certificate of Education (WACE), New South Wales Higher School Certificate): Minimum of ATAR 50
- STPM: Minimum of 2Cs
- Foundation: Minimum CGPA of 2.00
- Diploma: Minimum CGPA of 2.00
In addition, you must have at least 3Cs for SPM.
Not only that, if you are planning to practise law in Malaysia, you will need to have at least a credit in Bahasa Malaysia at SPM level (or a credit in “Malay as a Second Language” at IGCSE) in order to be exempted from the Bahasa Malaysia Qualifying Examination.
If you pursue a Law Degree that’s awarded by a Malaysian university, you will also be required to obtain MUET Band 4 if you pursue a Law Degree that’s awarded by a Malaysian university.
Remember that law requires you to have a good command of language in both English and Malay, so make sure you’re comfortable speaking and writing in both languages.
b) How Does Your Education Pathway Look Like?
Once you’ve completed your SPM or equivalent qualification, you can opt for a pre-university programme or a recognised diploma.
Thereafter, you can move on to pursue your Law Degree, which is usually 3 years. For Law Degrees that include a professional year (e.g. Law Degrees awarded by recognised Malaysian universities), the degree will be 4 years.
But wait, that’s not the end of your journey!
If you plan to be a qualified lawyer (which is required if you want to practise law in Malaysia), you will need to pass the Certificate in Legal Practice (CLP) exam that’s approximately 9 months long. If your Law Degree already includes a professional year, then you do not need to take the CLP exam since it is already embedded into your curriculum.
Subsequently, you will need to “read in chambers” for another 9 months. Chambering is a form of internship, where you attach yourself with a law firm to gain knowledge and experience with the work of a lawyer. After your chambering period is completed, you will then be “called to the bar” where you are now a qualified lawyer.
c) What Will You Study in a Law Degree?
In general, most law schools will require you to study core / compulsory subjects in your 1st year, covering topics such as Contract Law, Criminal Law and Legal System.
In your second and third year, you will still have some core subjects, but will also be able to choose some elective subjects depending on your interests, such as:
- Intellectual Property: Rights to inventions & designs (think patents, copyright & trademarks)
- Family Law: Deals with family matters, such as marriage and adoption
- Law of Succession: Deals with inheritance and wills
- Law of Evidence: Deals with what evidence must or must not be considered by judge or jury
Most universities will grade you solely on final exams at the end of each year, so you must be comfortable with this sort of assessment.
Remember that Law is an academically challenging degree, so you must be mentally prepared!
#3. Why Should You Study Law?
With so many degree options out there, here are some top reasons why you should study law.
(a) You want to practise law
This may sound like a given, but you’d be surprised at how many people spend 3 years of their lives studying law for the wrong reasons! Don’t study law for the money or prestige, or because your parents want you to.
Study law because you have a clear idea of what the practice of law is really like, and you know that this is something that you really want to do.
(b) You want an intellectually challenging and stimulating degree
A Law degree will require you to explore the legal system, analyse the application of law and develop sound arguments to make your case, all which will keep your mind on its toes!
(c) You want to gain practical skill sets
Studying a Law degree will develop your logical reasoning and critical thinking skills that will be beneficial to you in future, especially if you plan to practise law. A Law degree can also be helpful in your everyday life, such as signing contracts or legal documents with complex language.
#4. What Skills Do You Need for a Law Course?
Here are some of the more important skill sets that you will need to develop in order to do well in your Law degree.
(a) Good command of language and able to communicate effectively
Language is one of the most important tools for a lawyer, so you must be able to express yourself clearly, effectively and persuasively, both in writing and in speech as well. Most exams are written exams, so you must be able to put your thoughts clearly onto paper.
(b) Ability to research information and summarise key points
Law requires MASSIVE amounts of reading, so be prepared! You will find yourself reading not just about the law itself, but also academic opinions, case studies and judgements. You must be able to pick up key themes and passages from articles & cases, and distill them into important points.
(c) Ability to think clearly, reasonably and logically
You must be able to think rationally and logically in order to come up with sound arguments that fit the facts of a case. Sometimes, there could be multiple angles to a case, so you must be able to apply critical reasoning.
#5. What Career Options Do You Have With a Law Degree?
The most obvious career path for a law degree holder is to be a lawyer. Here are some of the most common legal professions:
- Litigation lawyer: Represent and protect a client’s rights in court. Various areas of specialisation include banking litigation, corporate litigation, criminal litigation, etc.
- Conveyancing lawyer: Represent and protect a client’s rights in property-related transactions
- In-house legal counsel: Provide legal advice to companies, such as banks, public-listed companies and multinational organisations
- Public prosecutor: Represent the government in legal proceedings
If you decide not to practise law, you still have other career options.
- Law lecturer: Many lawyers return to teach after several years of practising law
- Journalist / Editor: Because you would have picked up good written and communication skills, you could also get into a media-related career
- Politician: Many prominent politicians studied law, including Tunku Abdul Rahman, Lee Kuan Yew, Tony Blair and Barack Obama
#6. Should you take up a Degree in Law?
If you’re still unsure whether to study Law or not, then take our Law quiz and see if it’s indeed the right course for you!
In addition to that, you can also check if your personality is a good fit for a career in Law. Having a good personality fit with your desired career can ensure greater satisfaction and success at work.
#7. Where Can You Study Law in Malaysia?
When hunting for the right Law school, make sure that the Law Degree that you will be pursuing is recognised by the Legal Profession Qualifying Board (LPQB). Otherwise, you may risk not being able to practise law in Malaysia!
For a start, here are some of the most popular Law schools in Malaysia.
Bachelor of Laws (LL.B)
Campus: Subang Jaya, Selangor
Intakes: Mar & Aug
Estimated Fees: RM101,400
Scholarships: Up to RM11,000 per year
Application of legal theories to real-life cases at Taylor’s Legal Aid Centre
Opportunity to carry out attachment at the Bar Council’s Legal Aid Centres
4-week internship programme
Brickfields Asia College (BAC)
University of London’s Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) / UK Transfer Degree Programme
Campus: Kuala Lumpur & Petaling Jaya
Intakes: Jan, Apr, Jun & Sep
Estimated Fees: RM60,308
Scholarships: Up to 100% tuition fee waiver
Partnerships with 13 law schools in UK for BAC’s UK Transfer Degree Programme
Awarded Best Brand in Legal Education (2012-2014) by BrandLaureate
Advance Tertiary College (ATC)
University of London’s Bachelor of Laws (LL.B)
Campus: Kuala Lumpur & Petaling Jaya
Intakes: Jan, Mar & Jun
Estimated Fees: RM59,048
Scholarships: Up to 100% tuition fee waiver
14 students have won University of London’s Malaysia Laws Scholarship, where only ONE student is offered full scholarship each year to study at King’s College London
The only law school in Malaysia to win 2 LAWASIA Moot competitions
Free trial classes for two weeks at the beginning of each intake