The Complete Guide to Engineering in Malaysia

Engineering-Feature Image

Have you always been fascinated with how things work in the world? Do you love to solve complex puzzles and create something new? Are you excellent in maths and science, too? If so, chances are you’ll want to become a successful engineer!

This comprehensive guide will take you through everything you need to know about engineering courses in Malaysia, from the different types of engineering courses and the best engineering universities all the way to your career options as a holder of an engineering graduate degree.

Want to find the best engineering course for you and build a better world? Keep reading!


Bachelor of Engineering (Hons)

Direct learning opportunity with Tenaga Nasional



Looking for Foundation in Engineering at UNITEN? Click here to apply.

#1. What is Engineering?

Engineering-What is Engineering

Engineering is the application of maths and science to design and build things to help improve people’s lives.

By applying scientific, economic and mathematical knowledge, engineers work to design, build, maintain and improve all sorts of things, including structures, machines, electronic devices, systems and processes.

You may wonder, what is the difference between scientists and engineers?

As Albert Einstein once said, “Scientists investigate that which already is; engineers create that which has never been.” For instance, a scientist may discover and explain the concept of electromagnetic radiation but it takes an engineer to build a television.

Nearly every single aspect of your everyday life involves engineering. From buildings, roads and roller coasters to your smartphones, laptops and LEGO blocks, many of these inventions would not exist without the skillful work of an engineer.

With a Degree in Engineering, you’ll learn to apply maths, science and engineering principles, solve various engineering problems systematically and design solutions and systems to help solve health and safety, cultural, societal and environmental concerns. You’ll also be able to develop engineering products, processes and systems that are safe, effective, economical and sustainable.

Types of Engineering Courses

As engineering is an extremely broad discipline, there are many specialised fields of engineering. Here are four of the major branches of engineering.

FieldWhat It Is All About
Civil EngineeringDeals with designing, constructing, operating and maintaining physical and built environments, such as roads, railways, buildings, dams and wastewater service facilities.
Chemical EngineeringDeals with the efficient process of converting chemicals and raw materials into more useful and valuable materials. Examples include petroleum refining, food processing and plastic production.
Electrical & Electronic EngineeringDeals with designing, developing and operating electrical systems and machinery (electrical) and electronic circuits and devices (electronic). Examples include harnessing energy from alternative resources and designing microprocessor-based computer systems.
Mechanical EngineeringDeals with the design, construction and operation of machines and mechanical systems, such as vehicles, industrial equipment and medical devices.

Other fields of engineering include: Aeronautical Engineering (air and space vehicles), Petroleum Engineering (drilling and producing crude oil and natural gas), Environmental Engineering (improvement of the environment) and Mechatronics (mechanical and electrical engineering to design automated systems).

In many universities, you will be required to decide which discipline of engineering you would like to study for your undergraduate degree. For example, if you choose the Mechanical Engineering discipline, you will be pursuing a Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) in Mechanical Engineering.


Bachelor of Engineering (Hons)

Direct learning opportunity with Tenaga Nasional



Looking for Foundation in Engineering at UNITEN? Click here to apply.

#2. Engineering Course Requirements

a) Subjects required for engineering

To study engineering, the required subjects at SPM or equivalent are:

  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • English

Thereafter, the required subjects for engineering at A Levels, STPM or equivalent are:

  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Further Mathematics (recommended A Levels subject) or Specialist Mathematics (recommended Australian Matriculation subject)

b) Requirements for Engineering Diploma

These are the general entry requirements for a Diploma in Engineering:

  • SPM (or equivalent): Minimum 3Cs including Mathematics and a Science subject as well as a pass in English

c) Requirements for Engineering Degree

To pursue a Degree in Engineering, you need to complete a pre-university programme and meet the entry requirements.

In addition, you will also need at least a C in Mathematics and Physics as well as a pass in English at SPM level.

Take Note: Entry requirements for some universities may be higher, so do make sure you check the details carefully.

#3. Studying Engineering in Malaysia

a) What do you study in engineering?

Here are some of the engineering subjects you’ll study in each field:

Civil EngineeringCivil Engineering Materials, Structural Mechanics, Surveying, Geotechnics, Environmental Engineering, Hydraulics, Coastal / Highway / Traffic Engineering
Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Process Engineering, Fluid Mechanics, Industrial Chemistry, Reaction Engineering, Plant Design
Electrical & Electronic EngineeringDigital & Analogue Electronics, Signal Processing, Control Systems, Circuit Design, Computer Architecture, Power Electronics
Mechanical EngineeringThermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Solid Mechanics, Automatic Control & Instrumentation, Machine System Dynamics

You will also have individual and group projects that require you to design, build and test a new product or a technical solution. This allows you to gain valuable experience in building things and solving problems, which are necessary once you graduate and start work as an engineer.

Additionally, you will also be required to complete at least 2 months of industrial training (i.e. internship) to gain exposure to the industry.

b) How long is an engineering degree?

An Engineering Degree is usually 4 years long, but some universities may offer 3-year degrees.

If you intend to gain status as a professional engineer, we recommend that you pursue a 4-year degree in engineering based on the guidelines by the Board of Engineers Malaysia.

c) How much does it cost to study engineering in Malaysia?

The estimated cost to pursue a Degree in Engineering is between RM50,000 – RM190,000.

#4. How to Be an Engineer in Malaysia

Engineering-Education Pathway 02


How many years does it take to become an engineer? Do you need a professional qualification in engineering? Read on to find out more about the engineering pathway.

Step 1: First, you’ll need to complete a pre-university (e.g. A Levels, STPM) or a Foundation course (e.g. Foundation in Engineering, Foundation in Science) after SPM. This will typically take 1 – 2 years depending on the selected programme.

Alternatively, you can also pursue a Diploma in Engineering which usually takes between 2.5 and 3 years. A diploma qualification will give you the option of either entering the workforce in relevant fields upon graduating or continuing with a Degree in Engineering, starting in Year 2.

Step 2: Subsequently, you can enrol in a Bachelor of Engineering in Malaysia, which usually requires 3 – 4 years of study. If you wish to gain professional status as a professional engineer in Malaysia, you must study an accredited Engineering Degree with a duration of 4 years.

Completing this degree will allow you to enter the workforce.

Step 3: To gain the status of a professional engineer, you must have at least 3 years of practical working experience and pass a Professional Assessment Examination by the Board of Engineers Malaysia.

In summary, it takes at least 4 – 6 years from SPM to become an engineer while it’ll take you about 8 – 9 years to become a registered professional engineer.


Bachelor of Engineering (Hons)

Direct learning opportunity with Tenaga Nasional



Looking for Foundation in Engineering at UNITEN? Click here to apply.

#5. Should You Study Engineering?

Engineering-Is It Right For You

a) Is engineering the right course for you?

If you’re wondering whether you should study engineering, here are some questions to think about:

  • Are you skilled at practical work?
  • Do you consider yourself mechanically inclined?
  • Do you enjoy building LEGO structures?
  • Do you like to tinker with machines and electronic devices?
  • Can you think logically and solve complex math problems?
  • Are you able to work independently with little supervision?
  • Do you have good grades in maths and physics?

If you answered yes to most of these questions, engineering may be the right choice for you!

b) Skills required to be an engineer

Here are some key skills a good engineer should have:

  • Critical thinking skills to solve complex problems
  • Active listening skills
  • Strong IT and technical skills
  • High level of scientific knowledge
  • Creative and innovative thinking
  • Keen attention to detail
  • Organisational and management skills

#6. What Can You Do With an Engineering Degree in Malaysia?

A Degree in Engineering will prepare you for a career in various sectors, including oil & gas, manufacturing, construction, logistics and automotive.

Below are some of the engineering jobs in Malaysia that you can pursue upon graduating:

FieldCareer Options
Civil Engineering- Consulting Engineer
- Construction Engineer
- Geotechnical Engineer
- Structural Engineer
- Site Engineer
- Urban Planning Engineer
Chemical Engineering- Biochemical Engineer
- Environmental Engineer
- Petroleum Engineer
- Process Engineer
- Safety Engineer
- Waste Management Engineer
Electrical & Electronic Engineering- Electrical Engineer
- Electronics Engineer
- Telecommunications Engineer
- Design Engineer
- Control Engineer
- Computer Engineer
Mechanical Engineering- Automotive Engineer
- Industrial Machinery Engineer
- Robotics Engineer
- Manufacturing Engineer
- Materials Engineer
- Project Engineer

#7. Best Engineering Universities in Malaysia

If engineering is right up your alley, then check out some of the best universities for engineering in Malaysia. Alternatively, you may want to compare more universities for Engineering Degrees or Engineering Diplomas.


Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN)

Bachelor of Engineering (Hons)

Quick Facts

Campus: Putrajaya
Intakes: Jan, Jun & Sep
Estimated Fees: RM82,588
Degree Majors: Civil, Electrical and Electronics, Electrical Power, Mechanical

Key Highlights

Well-balanced curriculum between theoretical knowledge, experiments and real life experience
Top 2 private university in Malaysia for electrical and electronic engineering (QS World University Rankings by Subject 2021)
Recognised by MQA and the Board of Engineers Malaysia
Awarded SETARA 5-Stars by the Ministry of Higher Education

View other colleges


Multimedia University (MMU)

Bachelor of Engineering (Hons) Electronics majoring in Robotics & Automation

Quick Facts

Campus: Bukit Beruang, Malacca
Intakes: Apr, Jul & Oct
Estimated Fees: RM82,070

Key Highlights

Accredited and recognised by the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM), Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC), Engineering Technology Accreditation Council (ETAC) and MQA
Among the 1st in Malaysia to offer Nanotechnology
Recognition from the Washington Accord and well-recognised globally especially from Australia, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, China, the UK and the USA
An entrepreneurial university with industry-ready programmes

University of Nottingham Malaysia

Chemical Engineering BEng / MEng (Hons)

Quick Facts

Campus: Semenyih, Selangor
Intakes: Feb & Sep
Estimated Fees: RM202,700

Key Highlights

MEng programme is fully accredited by the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) and the worldwide Institute of Chemical Engineers (IChemE)
Advanced research topics for final year R&D project and industrial co-supervisor for design project
Study abroad opportunities at campuses in China and the UK as well as partner universities across the globe
Ranked 114th in the world and 18th in the UK (QS World University Rankings 2023)

Asia Pacific University

Bachelor of Engineering (Hons)

Quick Facts

Campus: Bukit Jalil
Intakes: Feb, Apr & Sep
Estimated Fees: RM100,600

Key Highlights

Accredited by the Board of Engineers Malaysia
Strong links with the industry for internship placements
Heavy focus on applied learning with input from academic and industry partners

Swinburne University of Technology

Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) (Robotics & Mechatronics)

Quick Facts

Campus: Kuching, Sarawak
Intakes: Sep & Oct
Estimated Fees: RM134,080

Key Highlights

Accredited by Engineers Australia and Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM)
Double degree opportunity: pair your degree with our Bachelor of Computer Science programme
Industry Engaged Learning – Experience real work environment
TOP 10 JobStreet preferred private universities

Heriot-Watt University Malaysia

Bachelor of Engineering (Hons)

Quick Facts

Campus: Putrajaya
Intakes: Jan & Sep
Estimated Fees: RM130,340 (3 years BEng), RM173,620 (4 years MEng)
Degree Majors: Chemical, Mechanical, Civil (Sep only), Electrical & Electronic (Sep only)

Key Highlights

Accredited by the Board of Engineers Malaysia
A truly global university with an option to transfer to campuses in the UK and Dubai
QS Top 150 universities in the world for Civil and Structural Engineering
Rated top in Scotland and 8th in the UK for Mechanical Engineering courses

#8. More Resources About Engineering

Want to learn more about studying engineering and becoming an engineer? Here are some useful articles that you may be interested: